Of all the different varieties of goldfish, this has GOT to be a favorite.
And for good reason…
What’s not to love about that adorable face?
Orandas are a classic “water puppy,” and today we’re going to learn what makes this breed special (and there’s many reasons why)!
Ready to be blown away?
It’s time to get started!
I want to learn about:
So, What Exactly is an Oranda Goldfish?
Orandas are one of the most popular types of goldfish.
You can find them in about any pet store (mostly in the small to medium size).
For the most part, they have sweet, playful temperaments and make friends easily. In fact some hold them to be the most good-natured of all the goldfish species!
What gives this fish its unique look is its wen.
A fleshy, brain-like growth on top of the fish’s head. Sometimes it grows around the face and gills too.
And this is interesting:
Orandas were the first fish to have them.
Sometimes it grows too much – then the goldfish can’t see!
Want to know the weird part?
Their bodies are deep and round in quality specimens.
Different tail types can be found in them, including ribbontail, fantail and even broadtail!
In Brittain, the show standard for Orandas leans toward broadtail finnage. Broadtail or Veiltail Orandas with huge fins are bred there, but are also being produced in Asia.
But in the US…
Ribbontail or fantail is preffered.
A newer strain called Thai Oranda has a frilly tail set at almost a 90 degree angle against its body!
These ones are harder to find.
As far as coloration goes…
Orandas come in pretty much all colors of the rainbow.
The most popular is solid (sometimes called self-colored) red (aka orange).
Red-capped is common too, where the body of the fish is matte or metallic white with a red wen on top. Now they’re even making highly unusual BLACK red-cap Orandas instead of the traditional white!
Other colors include red and white, calico, panda, nacreous, black, silver and more.
This is crazy:
The Oranda is the biggest of all the fancies when it comes to size.
It can get over 12 inches long (including the tail) – bigger than a small cat! :O
It was an Oranda that won the world record for the largest goldfish ever documented!
His name was Bruce.
All in all…
Everything about this breed is perfect.
Oh wait, I’m not supposed to be biased here, right? 😉
Big head with chubby blubby cheeks.
Big jiggly belly.
Big everything! 😀
Breeding Oranda Goldfish!
Like most other fancy goldfish, Orandas can be tricky to breed.
They require a period of cooler weather followed by warmer temperatures and adequate tank space.
In ponds, they can reproduce like crazy.
They can lay up to 1,000 eggs at one time!
How to Properly Take Care of Your Oranda Goldfish
While not considered the most difficult breed of goldfish to keep…
Orandas DO require special care.
Due to being bred selectively, their shorter bodies (which compact the organs closer together) are more prone to issues such as Swim Bladder Disorder.
For that reason they have to have a very perfect diet and environment.
That way they can live out their full lifespan of 40 or more years!
1. Choosing the Right Tank Size
As we’ve already covered:
Orandas grow GINORMOUS compared to all the other fancies.
Thats why it’s really important they have enough room to grow to their full potential.
So if you’re thinking of using a fish bowl…
… that’s out of the question.
Bowls make bad goldfish homes for a ton of reasons.
This may be shocking:
But keeping your fish in a bowl can cause permanent damage.
You don’t want your beautiful Oranda to end up stunted for the rest of it’s life, now do you?
Plus, there’s no way you can can keep it clean enough.
The bottom line?
Get a real tank. And shoot for one that’s 10-20 gallons large for each fish.
It just so happens that, (unlike lots of other species) goldfish adapt to their environment pretty well.
Chilly water is more likely to cause health problems as the fish’s immune system is weaker.
Of course, too hot is stressful also.
What is the best temperature for your finned friend?
For goldfish, it’s actually in the 70 degrees F range.
3. Understanding the Oranda’s Proper Diet
Diet plays a critical role in the well-being of an Oranda – and also their growth.
Orandas are omnivores, meaning they eat both plant and animal matter for their food.
A balanced diet is really important to orandas, because with their rounder body shape they are prone to swim bladder trouble.
However, if they are floating upside down and the diet is fine…
… It can actually be due to an overgrown wen in some rare cases!
Diet is plays the biggest role though.
That’s why it’s really important to have a solid feeding plan.
You can read more about goldfish diet requirements in our feeding article.
4. Picking out the Best Tank Mates
Could it be that your pet is longing for a fishy friend?
If so, you’ll want to find out what other fish you can safely keep with your Oranda.
Because of their friendly personalities, they tend to do great with most other fancy types of goldfish, with maybe the best being other Orandas or fish with wens such as the Lionhead and Ranchu.
But here’s an important tip:
Only keep other goldfish in with goldfish.
They do best that way… TRUST ME.
Interesting to look at doesn’t matter nearly as much as having a peaceful tank.
The bottom line?
Please don’t make the mistake of putting other kinds of fish in there too, like tropical fish, as they don’t mix well and can hurt your goldfish.
Wrapping it All Up
We’ve only scratched the surface when it comes to caring for your Oranda.
There just isn’t enough time to go into all the detail!
But don’t worry – I wrote a complete care guide called “The Truth About Goldfish.”
It contains ALL the information you will ever need to make sure your fish doesn’t just survive, but THRIVES.
I’m sure you want yours to reach its full potential, right? ?
You can take a peek at it here: