The pH of a saltwater tank is important in both fresh and saltwater aquariums. Although it is easy to manage in a freshwater tank, saltwater tanks need a lot more effort. Novice and seasoned aquarists alike must monitor and control the pH of the tank. The pH of the water is as important as the ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate parameters.
Keeping your fish healthy starts by providing them with a well-established environment that meets their survival needs and allows them to thrive. This makes pH more important than we think. Modifying the pH in your saltwater tank is simple once you learn a few tips on the management.
If the pH is unstable or is too low or high for the type of species you keep, immediate yet gradual changes should be made to not send the fish into pH shock.
What is pH?
The pH of the water is the determination of how alkaline or acidic your water is. Saltwater tank is encouraged to stay in the range of 7.5 to 8.5 to ensure healthy fish. The general pH is measured on a scale from 0 to 14, with 7 being neutral. Some fish require water with a high pH, whereas others will prefer a more alkaline pH.
Saltwater has natural salts such as bicarbonate sodium, calcium, hydroxide, and borate. These salts naturally act as a buffer around your tank’s pH. Once these salts have decreased in the water, your pH will start to be infected.
Why is pH Important?
pH affects the overall slime coat of the fish. If a fish requires a more alkaline tank, the excess acid will start to burn them. To avoid this, measures should be in place to ensure you are keeping your fish healthy and happy.
Factors That Change The pH Level
Tips to Manage Saltwater pH
Do Water Parameters Affect pH Levels?
Yes. Ammonia is one of the most problematic water parameters that are not only harmful to your fish but also affect the overall quality of the water. Ammonia is toxic in aquatic life, even in minuscule amounts. The higher the pH, the more toxic ammonia becomes. Keeping the pH stable in your saltwater tank will prevent potential ammonia poisoning that begins at 0.1 parts per million (ppm).
Once you get the hang of it, maintaining the pH of your saltwater tank becomes manageable. Making use of test kits and water changes ensures all the parameters in your aquarium are at the right levels to keep your inhabitants healthy.
Featured image credit: Suthiporn Hanchana, Shutterstock